If you have ever had trouble seeing clearly, you are not alone. Many people experience some type of vision problem at some point in their lives.
Vision problems can be mild or severe, and can impact your daily life in many ways.
It’s easy to take your eyesight for granted – until something happens to threaten it. This throws vision’s importance into sharp relief. Must Buy TheyaVue
Here are the most common vision problems and some tips to prevent it:
- Cataract: The problem: Light rays from objects in view must pass through your lens to reach your retina’s light-sensing cells. When a cataract clouds the lens, your vision fogs and lights get a halo.
Tips for prevention: Protect your eyes with lenses that block both UVA and UVB light, and avoid smoking. It’s important to control your blood pressure, watch your weight and manage diabetes as well.
- Diabetic retinopathy: The problem: Your retina transforms light into signals your brain can process.
Diabetes can swell the retina and make blood vessels leak or grow, causing blurring, flashes, floaters, pain and pressure.
Tips for prevention: Get yearly dilated eye exams to detect diabetes-related eye problems early, which can prevent or slow vision loss. Controlling your blood glucose and blood pressure is also key.
- Macular degeneration: The problem: You rely on light-sensing cells in the macula, the center of your retina, for what is called central vision.
In age-related macular degeneration (AMD), tissue breakdown or blood vessel growth in the macula makes it hard to see faces, read, drive and more.
Tips for prevention: Avoid smoking, which doubles your risk of macular degeneration as you age. Get regular exercise; control your blood pressure and cholesterol. Also, eat lots of leafy greens and fish.
- Glaucoma: The problem: The right amount of fluid must fill the space within your eye. Pressure from too much fluid damages the optic nerve, which then steals your peripheral and then your central vision.
Tip for prevention: Work with your eye doctor to keep your eye pressure well-controlled to avoid losing your vision.
- Refractive errors: The problem: Your eyeball, cornea and lens must be shaped just right for light rays to bend (refract) and land on your retina to make their way to the brain. If this process doesn’t happen, vision blurs.
In refractive errors, light rays do not bend and land where they should in the eye. Refractive errors include:
- Myopia: A Condition Where People Have A Short-Sightedness And Often Find It Hard To See Things That Are Close Up.
- Hyperopic: A Condition Where People Have Long-Sightedness And Often Find It Hard To See Things That Are Far Away.
- Presbyopia: A Condition Where the Eyes Can No Longer Change the Focus of Their Vision to Accommodate For Distance. This Condition Is Usually Seen In Older People.
- Astigmatism: This can cause blurred or distorted images. Treatment options include eyeglasses, contact lenses, and surgery. Astigmatism is most common in people over the age of 40.
Tip for correction: Eye exams are recommended annually before age 18 and after age 65, and every two years in between (unless you have a medical or eye problem that requires frequent attention).
In conclusion, there are common vision problems that people experience: nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and cataracts.
If you are experiencing any of these problems, it is important to see an eye doctor and get a prescription for glasses or contacts. Don’t let your vision hold you back from living a full life!